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Primitive Survival Tools that Changed The World

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The human race has come a long way from its advent as we have evolved from microorganisms to the most dominant species on Earth. However, life has not been this way forever. Man has gone through one of the darkest parts of human history to evolve into what it is today. The lawful world we see today was once the survival of the fittest where the weak would perish at the hands of the weak. Let us take a look at the most amazing primitive survival tools that changed the world and made it everything it is today.


Spears are one of the most common entities that strike the human mind when we talk about primitive tools. Even today, we find tons of survival movies where the protagonists use spears to survive in the wilderness. You can even see survival enthusiasts using a rod, knife, and duct tape to make a modern version of this spear.

The Spartan spear is believed to be the most historically correct version of the spear which consisted of a beam having 7-9 feet of length with extremely sharp edges. These would also have a second sharp edge at the other end to be used in case the primary side breaks off. These spears were also utilized to do fishing and hunting which brought an abundance of food for the primitive men.

Stone Hammers

The next survival tool on our list is the stone hammer which involved tying a fairly large stone to the end of a thick wooden stick. A modern version of this stone hammer could use Gorilla Glue to keep the stone and the base together. You can keep experimenting with what you have because survival tools are all about using your creative streak and ingenuity to make the most of what you have. These stone hammers were mostly used to thin down things like clay and bring other tools into shape by smacking them.

Stone Tomahawks

Stone Tomahawks are a signature weapon from the Native American tribes that hold an axe shape. These tomahawks are still a sign of Native American tradition and history. This Stone Tomahawk is made by using a flat sharp stone (or stones chiseled to the perfect shape later on).

Like other weapons, they were also used for various purposes but the battle has been the primary use of these weapons as well. They were used to fight enemies in war, defend one’s tribe during a raid as well as splitting wood which was more of an everyday task.

The newer versions of this tomahawk involved changing the stone base with a metal blade. However, the original stone tomahawk design remains an essential root of history. Even today, these tomahawks are a great way to demolish doors, windows, and locks during survival and rescue missions.

The tomahawks were so versatile that earlier tribes such as the Apaches also used them as a thrown weapon. These weapons were brutal and could even make single hit kills. So, we suggest practicing alone if you want to test your tomahawk throwing skills.

Grain Grinders

Primitive survival was not just about wars and protection. It also involved loads of other tools that helped humans make their tasks easier. A common example of this is the Grain Grinder which involved a smaller stone being placed on a large one (which served as a storage spot for grains). The user could slide the smaller stone over the larger one to grind down the grains which gave us the idea of using wheat for food.

They were used in ancient Palestine to grind herbs and grains for personal use. The device allowed the users to grind multiple grains together using a single tool which saved tons of time and effort. You can use these grinders even today to make porridge from wheat (but remember, it won’t taste as good as the ones you buy from the store).

Tools for Bow Drill Method

The next tool on our list included a spindle and a board (called the hearth) that is used to make holes inside the bow. You might think that this process is old but it was used by humans as early as 5000 BC which makes it all the more amazing. In addition, you can use different woods like aspen, white cedar, yucca, and cottonwood to make quality boards and spindles. You should not be disappointed if you are not successful the very first time because you will eventually get the hang of it.

Primitive Hoko Knives

The very first signs of humans making knives are the Hoko Knifes which are dated back to 2,700 years back. These Hoko Knives were used by our ancestors not only for self-defense but for daily usage. If you plan to make one then you need a strong wood stick that can be split in the middle, a flat stone that can be used as cordage to secure it in a secure spot. It is somewhat similar to making the Stone Hammer or the Tomahawk so you will find it easier to make if you have mastered the other two.

Primitive Rock Slings

This dates back as early as David and Goliath, as the rock slings were used by shepherds to safeguard their cattle and flock from wolves and other predators. There is more than one technique of using these rock slings so anyone who uses them or wants to use them should know that they need practice for it. The weapon lets you send the rock at a high velocity while the sling itself remains in your hand.

Primitive Bows and Arrows

Anyone who can find a large piece of flexible wood has at least tried to make a bow and arrow of their own. Using Hickory, bamboo, or other heavier woods are best for this purpose as it lets exert the required stress on it. While you can use any source for the arrows but you may not be necessarily happy with what you get in the result. If you want to stay natural and primitive then we suggest giving linen or hemp because both these fibers are ideal for forging bows.

Mongol Bow and Arrow

The Mongols are best known for their battles and their weapons and the Mongolian bow and arrow is considered to be one of the best primitive weapons in the world even today. These bows are capable of hitting targets even at a distance of 350 yards which was phenomenal at the early stages of mankind. The Mongolians not only used stronger wood like bamboo but they also made composite weapons because they would cover the bows up with horn and sinew. These materials would come together to change the impact and the power of the weapon.

These bows and arrows were mostly used by Mongolian cavalry for medium to long-range targets and enemies as they would not even know what hit them. They would kill the majority of the cavalry from a distance before they could even make any damage to the Mongolian army. Therefore, these bows and arrows have played an avital role in Mongolian war history and their success.


With that said, it is clear that covering all the survival gear and weapons in a single article is not possible. Fortunately, you can stay connected with us through our official website and we will help you out with it in every way possible.